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Intellectual property laws cover patents, trademarks, and copyrights. If a trademark, patent, or copyright is filed and accepted, the filing entity's ideas are protected and cannot be used by others. If another entity knowingly or unknowingly infringes on another entity's patent or trademark, an intellectual property dispute is filed if the parties cannot come to an agreement.
During the lawsuit, and after the complaint and answer are filed, a counterclaim is filed. Discovery usually begins after the counterclaim is filed, but sometimes before.
During the discovery process, documents are exchanged between the parties. Documentation in intellectual property cases might become extensive, depending on the number of parties involved and the type of dispute. A small firm might have to decline a large intellectual property case if it does not have the staff to cover the litigation process, but with experienced attorneys provided by legal staffing agencies, a smaller firm can take larger intellectual property cases.